The game’s object is to score more goals than your opponent by sending a puck into your opponent’s goal using a field hockey stick.
Ice hockey is played in 3 periods of 20 minutes. During a break in play, the clock is stopped.
There are three positions: attacker, defender and goalie. There are different types of forwards: the center and the wingers. The center develops the role of playmaker and scorer. The wingers have either the objective to bring speed to the sides or to bring physical impact. The defenders can play an offensive role when they are in the offensive zone.
The playing surface is a rectangle of 26m wide by 56m long minimum and 30m wide by 60m long maximum with rounded corners. It is surrounded by a balustrade with a height of between 1.07m and 1.22m. Above the balustrade, the glass protections are 80 to 180 cm high along the length of the rink and 2.00 to 2.40 m high behind the goals.
The rink is divided into 3 zones delimited by 5 lines.
The Defensive Zone:
Included between the railing behind the goal defended by the team and the first blue line. The defensive zone also includes a thinner red line, called the forbidden clearance line, on which the goal to be defended is positioned.
The Neutral Zone:
This is the part of the rink between the two blue lines. In the middle of the neutral zone, there is a red line as thick as the two blue lines, called the central red line.
The Attack Zone:
Which runs from the second blue line to the boards behind the goal defended by the opposing team. The attacking zone also has a thinner red line, called the forbidden line, on which the opposing goal is located.
The teams are composed of a maximum of 20 players and 2 goalkeepers. There are 5 field players and a goalie who can play simultaneously on the ice.
A team is usually made up of 4 blocks (also called lines) composed of 5 players each (3 forwards and 2 defenders) who take turns on the ice throughout the game (change on the fly or on stoppage of play).
Given the speed of the game and the speed of the puck, the players wear appropriate protective gear to avoid injury (leggings, reinforced pants, elbow pads, shoulder pads, helmet with visor or grille, gloves).
Goalkeepers wear specific equipment. The goalie’s equipment consists of boots (padded leggings) that cover more space and cushion shocks and two gloves that differ: the mitt, which is used to grip the pucks, and the shield, which is used to push the pucks away. The goalie’s stick is also different from the field players’ because it is wider.